Original oil on canvas painting, signed by the artist, John Palliser. high quality, hand made frame. Size 35″ x 25.5 (94cm x 70 cm) plus frame size variable Please contact us for more information and custom inquiries. According to legend, the Christian apostle and martyr Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, was crucified on an X-shaped cross at Patras, (Patrae), in Achaea. Use of the familiar iconography of his martyrdom, showing the apostle bound to an X-shaped cross, first appears in the Kingdom of Scotland in 1180 during the reign of William I. This image was again depicted on seals used during the late 13th century; including on one particular example used by the Guardians of Scotland, dated 1286.